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Kitchens and Appliances

Most appliances and small electrical products have fairly predictable life expectancy. Depending on the original cost, manufacturing quality, and how heavily it’s used, an appliance may last a longer or shorter period than shown in the following table.

Nevertheless, it’s useful information, especially if you want to make sure you get your money’s worth. Just knowing that the microwave is going to die after only 10 years, or that you need to budget for a replacement for your gas range after about 20, helps plan for the inevitable expense. And if you are buying used appliances, it’s a good indicator of how long you can expect a five-year-old top-loading washer to last.

The following table shows average life expediencies for common household appliances. This information has been derived from different sources including manufacturers´ websites and consumer resources, and is intended only as an estimate. Care and maintenance as well as proper installation also play big roles in performance and longevity.

Major appliances

ApplianceExpected life in years
Microwave oven
10
Garbage disposal
10-12
Trash compactor
10
Water heater, gas
11-13
Water heater, electric
13-14
Water heater, tank-less (on demand)
20+
Smoke detector
10
Refrigerator, side by side
14
Refrigerator, top mount
14
Refrigerator, bottom mount
17
Refrigerator, single door
19
Refrigerator, compact (dorm type)
5
Washing machine, top load
14
Washing machine, front load
11
Dryer
13
Range, electric
17
Range, gas
19
Dishwasher
10
Cook-tops
13-20
Air Conditioner (room size)
10
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